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UNICEF Milestones

1946-1956   1957-1966   1967-1976
1977-1986   1987-1996   1997-2004

see also Thematic Overview

Year Notes
1957 UNICEF income is up to $20 million (from a low point of $10 million in 1952).

UNICEF decides to strengthen training in pediatrics and preventive medicine in order to improve planning and supervision of health services.

Also begins aiding “applied nutrition” projects (training
schemes and nutrition education combined with production of protective foods through school, community and family gardens, village fish ponds, poultry and small animal farms, home economics and food preservation).
1958 UNICEF accelerates efforts to find effective and economical ways to fortify skim milk powder with vitamins A and O. This leads to fortification of all skim milk powder donated by U.S. Government for overseas feeding programmes.
1959 United Nations General Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of the Child and states that aid provided through UNICEF constitutes “a practical way of international co-operation” to help carry out the Declaration’s aims.

Board approves aid for family and child welfare services through parent education, neighborhood and community centre programmed, day-care services, child welfare services, youth agencies and women’s clubs.
1960 Over 56 million children and nursing and pregnant mothers now benefit from UNICEF-aided health and nutrition projects.

Review of experience with maternal and child health services results in greater emphasis on supervision, training, immunization and integration of these services  into general health services. Greater emphasis is also placed on environmental sanitation as an integral part of rural health services benefiting children stressing health education, community participation, and self-help.
1961 Following a global study of needs of children, based on views of beneficiary countries, UNICEF increases scope and flexibility of its approach to children’s problems. Its aid can now be provided for whatever situations are agreed to be most important and ripe for action in particular  countries. Aid for education now possible.

Financial procedures are adopted which put UNICEF resources into more rapid use.

U Thant (Myanmar)
takes office as Secretary-General of UN when Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold is killed in an air crash in September, serving until December 1971.
1962 Executive Board emphasizes that wherever possible projects aided should form an integral part of an overall national development effort in order to provide greater national support and continuity.

Supplies and equipment continue to account for over 80 per cent of UNICEF aid; transport is now an important element, with some 11,500 vehicles in country projects.

Annual contributions are received regularly from 100 governments.

Income is now $30 million (compared with $20million in 1957).
1963 UNICEF Secretariat begins discussions with national planning authorities, regional economic commissions and agencies in the United Nations system on ways for providing more attention to children in development planning. Emphasis is on projects combining
related activities, such as health, nutrition, family and child welfare projects, requiring joint planning by several ministries or departments.
1964 In January, Executive Board meets for the first time in a developing region - in Bangkok - with a special agenda item on the needs of Asian children. Board agrees on programmes for more systematic evaluations of categories and projects aided by UNICEF.

Board accords a “co-operative relationship” to National Committees for UNICEF, which now number 21.

In April, in an effort to tie in its aid with development and countries’ national plans, UNICEF sponsors an international Round Table Conference on Children and Youth in Development Planning in Bellagio, Italy.
1965 On 19 January, Maurice Pate, UNICEF’s Executive Director, dies.

United Nations Secretary-General U Thant appoints Henry R. Labouisse to succeed Mr. Pate.

In December, the 1965 Alfred Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to UNICEF in Oslo, Norway, “for the promotion of brotherhood among nations”, linking work for children to world peace.
1966 For the first time the Executive  Board meets in Africa - in Addis Ababa - and holds a special meeting on needs of African children.

UNICEF is now aiding 120 countries and territories (41 in Africa; 34 in the Americas; 25 in Asia; 13 in the Eastern Mediterranean; and 7 in Europe).

Health programmes (basic health services and disease
control programrnes) account for 59 per cent of its programme aid. About one-third of all programme aid is for training.

Board reviews experience with milk conservation projects, which since their start in Europe in 1948 had been carried out in 28 developing countries.

Annual income now totals $35.2 million; a goal of $50 million is set to be reached by end of 1969 at the close
of the first United Nations Development Decade.


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