UNICEF income is up to $20 million
(from a low point of $10 million in 1952).
UNICEF decides to strengthen training in pediatrics and preventive
medicine in order to improve planning and supervision of health
Also begins aiding “applied nutrition” projects (training
schemes and nutrition education combined with production of
protective foods through school, community and family gardens,
village fish ponds, poultry and small animal farms, home economics
and food preservation).
UNICEF accelerates efforts to find
effective and economical ways to fortify skim milk powder with
vitamins A and O. This leads to fortification of all skim milk
powder donated by U.S. Government for overseas feeding programmes.
United Nations General Assembly adopts
Declaration of the Rights of the Child and states that aid provided
through UNICEF constitutes “a practical way of international
co-operation” to help carry out the Declaration’s aims.
Board approves aid for family and child welfare services through
parent education, neighborhood and community centre programmed,
day-care services, child welfare services, youth agencies and
Over 56 million children and nursing
and pregnant mothers now benefit from UNICEF-aided health and
Review of experience with maternal and child health services results
in greater emphasis on supervision, training, immunization and
integration of these services into general health services.
Greater emphasis is also placed on environmental sanitation as an
integral part of rural health services benefiting children stressing
health education, community participation, and self-help.
Following a global study of needs of
children, based on views of beneficiary countries, UNICEF increases
scope and flexibility of its approach to children’s problems. Its
aid can now be provided for whatever situations are agreed to be
most important and ripe for action in particular countries.
Aid for education now possible.
Financial procedures are adopted which put UNICEF resources into
more rapid use.
U Thant (Myanmar)
takes office as Secretary-General of UN when Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold
is killed in an air crash in September, serving until December 1971.
Executive Board emphasizes that
wherever possible projects aided should form an integral part of an
overall national development effort in order to provide greater
national support and continuity.
Supplies and equipment continue to account for over 80 per cent of
UNICEF aid; transport is now an important element, with some 11,500
vehicles in country projects.
Annual contributions are received regularly from 100 governments.
Income is now $30 million (compared with $20million in 1957).
UNICEF Secretariat begins discussions
with national planning authorities, regional economic commissions
and agencies in the United Nations system on ways for providing more
attention to children in development planning. Emphasis is on
related activities, such as health, nutrition, family and child
welfare projects, requiring joint planning by several ministries or
In January, Executive Board meets for
the first time in a developing region - in Bangkok - with a special
agenda item on the needs of Asian children. Board agrees on
programmes for more systematic evaluations of categories and
projects aided by UNICEF.
Board accords a “co-operative relationship” to National Committees
for UNICEF, which now number 21.
In April, in an effort to tie in its aid with development and
countries’ national plans, UNICEF sponsors an international Round
Table Conference on Children and Youth in Development Planning in
On 19 January, Maurice Pate, UNICEF’s
Executive Director, dies.
United Nations Secretary-General U Thant appoints Henry R. Labouisse
to succeed Mr. Pate.
In December, the 1965 Alfred Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to UNICEF
in Oslo, Norway, “for the promotion of brotherhood among nations”,
linking work for children to world peace.
For the first time the Executive
meets in Africa - in Addis Ababa - and holds a special meeting on
needs of African children.
UNICEF is now aiding 120 countries and territories (41 in Africa; 34
in the Americas; 25 in Asia; 13 in the Eastern Mediterranean; and 7
Health programmes (basic health services and disease
control programrnes) account for 59 per cent of its programme aid.
About one-third of all programme aid is for training.
Board reviews experience with milk conservation projects, which
since their start in Europe in 1948 had been carried out in 28
Annual income now totals $35.2 million; a goal of $50 million is set
to be reached by end of 1969 at the close
of the first United Nations Development Decade.