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UNICEF Milestones
1967-1976

1946-1956  1957-1966   1967-1976
1977-1986   1987-1996   1997-200
4

see also Thematic Overview

Year Notes
1967 Executive Board reviews strategies, criteria and priorities to be followed for the best use of UNICEF aid,  reaffirming and refining policies approved in 1961: UNICEF can help governments to establish
priorities for children and will support whatever is mutually agreed to be the best possible action to achieve them.

“Country approach” is emphasized. The goal is to move away from individual projects, as separate entities, to more comprehensive services for children forming an integral part of national development efforts. Emphasis is placed on need for innovative approaches to solving problems, new ways of training, and greater attention to eliciting local support.

The Board approves aid for family planning within the context of maternal and child health services.
1968 Executive Board reviews aid for education; agrees that UNICEF should continue to support strategic aspects of education programmes - teacher training, modernization of school curricula, emphasis on practical subjects such as science, vocationally-oriented studies, health, nutrition.

Aid is provided to mothers and children on both sides of the conflict in Nigeria and is approved for both sides in the Viet Nam conflict - as part of UNICEF’s philosophy of aiding all children in need, regardless of politics, creed, national origin, etc.

UNICEF and WHO introduce oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in 1968, a simple solution of sugar, salt and water to treat diarrhoeal dehydration. By 2000 one million children in developing countries are being saved each year by ORT.
1969 For the first time Executive Board meets in Latin America - in Santiago - and holds a special meeting on the situation of Latin American children. Decides to seek contributions from governments for specific purposes in addition to contributions to general resources.
1970 UNICEF’s annual income is now $59.4 million - exceeding the $50 million target set in 1966. Target of $100 million is set for 1975, Guidelines are established for allocation of UNICEF aid; the purpose is to give more to projects in the neediest countries.

Assessment is made of projects for education and training of women and girls for family and community life.
1971 Executive Board decides that increased efforts must be made to encourage deployment of financial support from multilateral and bilateral sources to benefit children.

Special forma of aid for services benefiting children in urban slums and shanty towns are approved.
1972 Kurt Waldheim (Austria) takes office as Secretary- General of UN, serving until December 1981.

Training
of national auxiliary and para-professional personnel continues to be a major element in UNICEF aid with some 220,000 persons receiving training stipends. In addition, many thousands more benefit from material aid provided by UNICEF to training centres and institutions.

Increased emphasis is now given to responsible parenthood and family planning as a component of various health and social services.

Board adopts new policy guidelines for aid to education, with concentration on educationally deprived children of primacy school age, young adolescents who have missed schooling, education of girls, use of schools for health and nutrition education, education of parents in child rearing.
1973 UNICEF decides to expand aid for non-formal education (outside regular school programmes), particularly for rural children and youth with emphasis on the basics of literacy and numeracy as well as skills and knowledge.

UNICEF is now assisting some 70 countries with village water supplies; the purpose is to reduce child illness and death, and to lessen drudgery of mothers, improve quality of life in villages, encourage self-help community efforts.

UNICEF begins help for prevention of blindness in young children, through large doses of vitamin A.

Participation by UNICEF in UNDP country programming exercises provides new opportunities to promote systematic action in national development efforts to meet needs of children.
1974 Executive Board, concerned with serious threat to millions of children adversely affected by world economic crisis, inflation, natural disasters and scarcity of food, issues a “Declaration of Emergency" . Special efforts are authorized for children’s services in least developed countries and in countries “most severely affected”.

Board reviews efforts to give special attention to the young child (up to approximately six years of age) and agrees that emphasis should be on reaching the child by extending existing channels, including indirect services through mothers, families and communities.

First annual UNICEF pledging conference at which governments announce contributions for following year, is held in November.
1975 Executive Board appeals to special session of the United Nations General Assembly to encourage action to meet deteriorating situation of children in many countries.

UNICEF joins with WHO in approving a new strategy of assistance to primary health services to bring care to now largely unserved mothers and children and decides to strengthen action for more effective work to improve child nutrition.

Board approves an “advocacy-oriented” information policy designed to make public opinion, in both industrialized and developing countries, more responsive to action to meet children’s needs.

International Women’s Year accelerates UNICEF’s emphasis on programmes benefiting women and girls.
Following administrative survey, Board endorses Executive Director’s plans to strengthen the organization’s management.

UNICEF annual revenue now reaches a record level of $141 million; (but this is only a 7 per cent increase over 1974 revenues in real terms).
1976 Worst aspects of depression and its effect on children appear to be receding, but poorest countries continue to suffer from major economic changes. They need augmented assistance to help meet the
“quiet emergency” daily facing millions of children.

Board approves a goal of $200 million annual revenue. Economic and Social Council endorses this and recommends that United Nations General Assembly urge both developing and developed countries and
the international community to support basic services for children.

Emphasis is on extending the network of core services already developed in most countries to benefit the large number of their children now unserved.

Economic and Social Council recommends that the General Assembly proclaims 1979 as the “International Year of the Child”.

More than 100 non-governmental organizations now have consultative status with UNICEF. The Executive Board reviews ways in which UNICEF and the 30 National Committees for UNICEF can co-operate more effectively to serve children of developing countries.

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